Socio-Economic Survey 2020

Demographics

Demographics

In 76 pages, the Demographics chapter illustrates the structure of South Africa’s population by race, sex, age, location, living arrangements, religion, and language. The data shows past, current, and future trends, as well as international comparisons.
The Economy

The Economy

The Economy chapter takes up 100 pages of data on all aspects of the South African economy plus a number of comparisons with selected countries across the globe.
Public Finance

Public Finance

The Public Finance chapter comprises 52 pages of detailed information on how much the Government receives and from whom, as well as how much it spends and on what.
Employment

Employment

In 67 pages, the Employment chapter tracks South Africa’s labour market and its participants. It contains data on employment, unemployment, employment equity, labour shortages, and job creation. Indicators show trends over the last decade and are broken down by race, sex, province, and industry.
Industrial Relations

Industrial Relations

The Industrial Relations chapter focuses, in just under 30 pages, on the structure of employment in South Africa, trade union coverage, and wage comparisons across different sectors. Attention is also given to strikes and their triggers.
Business and Infrastructure

Business and Infrastructure

The Business and Infrastructure chapter comprises 43 pages detailing South Africa’s business environment and its structure. International indices are covered extensively to track South Africa’s global competitiveness. The chapter also contains data on South Africa’s physical infrastructure.
Assets and Incomes

Assets and Incomes

The Assets and Incomes chapter runs to 53 pages and provides up-to-date information on earnings, expenditure, savings, investment, ownership, and poverty patterns in South Africa. The data is broken down by race, age, province, sector, occupation, and income bracket.
Education

Education

The Education chapter is made up of 92 pages that provide an in-depth look at South Africa’s education system at all stages, ranging from preschool to tertiary level. The detailed sub-sections provide a comprehensive picture of the resources in schools, as well as examination results and output.
Health

Health

The Health chapter comprises 84 pages of data on South Africa’s health system. It contains figures on expenditure, medical personnel, and health facilities. Also included is data on mortality, nutrition and diseases as well as HIV/AIDS-related indicators such as infection and prevalence rates, treatment and prevention and deaths.
Social Security

Social Security

The Social Security chapter has almost 40 pages detailing social security expenditure and its beneficiaries. The chapter features data on social grants, non-profit organisations and unemployment insurance.
Living Conditions

Living Conditions

The Living Conditions chapter takes up 50 pages tracking the Government’s delivery of basic services such as water, sanitation, electricity, and refuse removal. Access to land and housing is also included. The chapter also has data on informal settlements, housing shortages, and access to affordable housing.
Communications

Communications

The Communications chapter has 46 pages of data on the means of communication used by households and individuals as well as on radio listeners, television viewers, and newspaper readers. Also included is data on access to telecommunications such as telephones, cellphones, postal services, and the Internet. The chapter also contains information on access to the different modes of transport.
Crime and Security

Crime and Security

The Crime and Security chapter consists of 82 pages on all aspects of the criminal justice system – the South African Police Service (SAPS), the courts, and prisons – as well as defence and private security. The most serious crimes are documented, while provincial breakdowns of selected crimes also feature.
Politics and Government

Politics and Government

The 39-page Politics and Government chapter provides data on South Africa’s political landscape. It details party representation at national, provincial, and local level and covers issues such as government performance and international indices, comparing South Africa’s performance on several democracy indicators with the rest of the world.