2020

South Africa Unlocked

South Africa Unlocked

This month’s edition, entitled South Africa Unlocked, highlights the devastating impact of the lockdown on the South African economy and the urgent need for re-opening.
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Premium subscribers are encouraged to schedule an online briefing with the CRA team to discuss the latest policy developments and attendant risks.

Fallout: Covid-19 and the economy

Fallout: Covid-19 and the economy

This month’s edition of the Macro Review explores the economic consequences of the Coronavirus pandemic in South Africa and the world.
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The report provides the latest data on economic growth estimates, trade and investment volumes, as well as an analysis of the fiscal and monetary policy responses to the crisis.

Lockdown: SA’s capacity to deal with the Covid-19 crisis

Lockdown: SA’s capacity to deal with the Covid-19 crisis

This edition of the Macro Review highlights the key areas of vulnerability that will ultimately determine the effectiveness of South Africa’s response to the Covid-19 pandemic.
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The report is divided into four sections:

  • Overview of the pandemic globally and its domestic effects
  • An analysis of the social profile of South Africa, including demographics and living conditions
  • A diagnostic of SA’s current healthcare resources, personnel and infrastructure
  • The economic impact of the crisis and the consequent fiscal and monetary responses
Kicking the can down the road

Kicking the can down the road

In this edition of the Macro Review – ‘Kicking the can down the road’ we look at the 2020 Budget delivered by the Minister of Finance, Tito Mboweni on 26 February 2020.
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Key takeaways:

  • Budgeted revenue for 2020/21 is R1.58 trillion or 29.2% of gross domestic product (GDP), while budgeted expenditure is R1.95 trillion (36% of GDP).
  • The budget deficit is forecast at an estimate of 6.8% of GDP in 2020/21, 6.2% in 2021/22 and 5.7% in 2022/23.
  • Economic growth is expected at 0.9% in 2020, forecast to rise to 1.3% in 2021 and 1.6% in 2022.
  • Gross national debt is estimated to approach R3.56 trillion or 65.6% of GDP in 2020/21.
  • The Value Added Tax (VAT) remains unchanged and there is a marginal cut in Personal Income Tax (PIT), while ‘sin’ (alcohol, tobacco) and environmental (carbon, plastic) taxes are up.
  • The annual limit on contributions to tax-free savings accounts is up from R33 000 to R36 000.
Taxman at Your Door

Taxman at Your Door

This edition of the Macro Review looks at South Africa’s tax regime, incorporating data on government finances within the context of the country’s economy, the different forms of tax collection, as well as key sources of revenue.
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Key takeaways:

  • In 2018/19 total tax revenue amounted to R1.3 trillion — 26.2% of the country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of R4.9 trillion.
  • Personal Income Tax (PIT), Corporate Income Tax (CIT) and Value-Added Tax (VAT) make up some 80% of national tax revenue.
  • Only 1.1 million or 16.6% of assessed individual taxpayers earn above R500 000, but contribute 67.6% to individual tax assessed. A mere 6 664 or 0.1% earn above R5 million, while paying 7.9% of individual tax assessed.
  • Companies with taxable income greater than R100 million amount to just 706 in number or 0.09% of companies assessed for tax, but account for 62.7% of corporate tax assessed.
  • For almost forty years, South Africa has been dogged by consistent budget deficits (expenditure outstripping revenue), which show no sign of letting up in the near future.