Key takeaways:

  • In 2018/19 total tax revenue amounted to R1.3 trillion — 26.2% of the country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of R4.9 trillion.
  • Personal Income Tax (PIT), Corporate Income Tax (CIT) and Value-Added Tax (VAT) make up some 80% of national tax revenue.
  • Only 1.1 million or 16.6% of assessed individual taxpayers earn above R500 000, but contribute 67.6% to individual tax assessed. A mere 6 664 or 0.1% earn above R5 million, while paying 7.9% of individual tax assessed.
  • Companies with taxable income greater than R100 million amount to just 706 in number or 0.09% of companies assessed for tax, but account for 62.7% of corporate tax assessed.
  • For almost forty years, South Africa has been dogged by consistent budget deficits (expenditure outstripping revenue), which show no sign of letting up in the near future.
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