Key takeaways:

  • The underclass forms the majority of South Africa’s population.
  • Eight million people aged 15 to 34 are not in employment, education or training.
  • Even with a relatively low monthly value, social grants are not sustainable in the long term.
  • Out of some 17 million households, 2.2 million live in informal dwellings, 2.6 million have no electricity and 1.8 million have no access to piped water.
  • Because of deteriorating living conditions, mass action remains a threat in South Africa.
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