Demographics

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DemographicsDEMOGRAPHICS AT A GLANCE....................................................................................... 7

Overview of key population estimates, 1985-2008............................... 7

POPULATION PROFILE........................................................................................................ 8

Breakdown by race and year, 1911–2021..................................................................... 8

Population by year and race, 1911–2021............................................... 8

Population by year and race, 1911 and 2009......................................... 8

Breakdown by race and year, 1992-2012...................................................................... 9

Population by year and race, 1992–2012............................................... 9

Breakdown by age, race, and sex, 2008........................................................................ 10

Population by age, race, and sex, 2008................................................. 10

Growth rate and forecasts by sex and race, 2001–21............................................... 14

Estimated annual population growth rates by sex,
 2001–08.................................................................................................. 14

Projected population by race, 2001 and 2021..................................... 14

Projected population by race, year by year, 2008–12........................ 15

Breakdown by race and sex............................................................................................. 15

Male/female population distribution by race, 2008............................ 15

Estimated annual population growth rates by race and
 sex, 2001–05.......................................................................................... 16

Breakdown by race and age............................................................................................ 17

Estimated age profile by race, 2008 (actual numbers)....................... 17

Estimated age profile by race, 2008 (proportions)............................... 17

Breakdown by province................................................................................................... 18

Population by province, 2008 mid–year estimates............................. 18

Population and growth by province, 2001 and 2008.......................... 18

Estimated annual population growth rates by province,
 2001–21.................................................................................................. 19

Breakdown by race and province.................................................................................. 20

Population by race and province (actual numbers),
 2001 and 2008....................................................................................... 20

Projected population by race and province, year by year,
 2008–12 (actual numbers)................................................................... 21

Projected population by race and province, year by year,
 2008–12 (proportions).......................................................................... 23

Projected population by race and province, change in
 number and percentage change, 2008–12........................................ 26

Population density............................................................................................................. 27

Population density by province, 2008.................................................... 27

Selected international comparisons of population density,
 2000 and 2007....................................................................................... 28

Breakdown by municipal area....................................................................................... 29

Geography and demographics of district and metropolitan
 municipalities, 2007.............................................................................. 29

Breakdown of district and metropolitan municipalities
 by race, sex, and age, 2007.................................................................. 31

Geographical distribution and urbanisation.............................................................. 35

Proportions of people living in urban areas by province
 and race, 1998, 2003, and 2008......................................................... 35

Population of 19 major cities by race, 1998–2008............................. 36

International comparisons.............................................................................. 39

Rural and urban populations as a proportion of total
 population, 1990 and 2007................................................................. 39

South African households................................................................................................ 40

Household numbers by race, 2001-2021.............................................. 40

Household numbers and proportions by province, 2008................... 40

Household numbers and proportions by district and
 metropolitan municipalities, 2007...................................................... 41

Households by size and composition, 2008.......................................... 43

South African families...................................................................................................... 43

Number and proportion of children by age, 2002–2007.................... 43

Number and proportion of child-headed households by
 province, 2002–2007............................................................................ 43

Number and proportion of double orphans by age,
 2002–2007.............................................................................................. 44

Number and proportion of double orphans by province,
 2002 and 2007....................................................................................... 44

Number of orphans, international comparisons, 2007....................... 45

Projections of AIDS orphans in South Africa, 2015............................ 46

Proportion of children living with parents by race
 and sex, 2001......................................................................................... 46

Proportion of urban parents that are single by
 race, 2007................................................................................................ 46

Breakdown of urban single parents by race, 2007.............................. 47

Number and proportion of single urban parents
 by age, 2007........................................................................................... 47

Urban single parents by race and employment status,
 2007 47

Urban single parents by race and sex, 2007.......................................... 47

Presence of fathers of children aged 15 years and younger,
 1993–2002.............................................................................................. 48

Presence of fathers of children aged 15 years and younger
 by race, 1993–2002.............................................................................. 48

Presence of fathers of African children aged 15 and
 younger, 1993–2002............................................................................. 49

Percentage of women who had given birth by age and
 number of children, 2001 .................................................................... 50

Percentage of women who had given birth by age, race,
 and marital status, 2001....................................................................... 50

Proportion of teenage pregnancies by province, 2003........................ 51

Percentage distribution of South African households by
 household type, 1996–2006................................................................ 51

Demographic indicators................................................................................................... 51

Fertility rate........................................................................................................ 51

Fertility rate by province, 2001–2006 and 2006–2011...................... 51

International fertility comparisons................................................................ 52

Fertility rate per woman, 2007................................................................. 52

Adolescent fertility rate (15–19 years old), 2007................................. 53

Births................................................................................................................... 54

Recorded live births by sex, 1991–2007................................................ 54

Birth forecasts, 2008–2012...................................................................... 55

Mortality............................................................................................................ 55

Deaths by province, 2008......................................................................... 55

Number of registered deaths, 1997–2006............................................. 56

Number of deaths by age and sex, 2006............................................... 56

International mortality comparisons............................................................ 57

Infant and under five mortality rate, 1990 and 2007......................... 57

Child and adult mortality rates by sex................................................... 59

Life expectancy................................................................................................ 60

Life expectancy by province and sex, 2001–2006 and
 2006–2011.............................................................................................. 60

Projected life expectancy at birth by province and race,
 2002, 2009, and 2012........................................................................... 60

International comparisons.............................................................................. 62

Life expectancy at birth, 1990 and 2007.............................................. 62

Survival to age 65 by sex (proportions), 2007...................................... 63

Impact of HIV/AIDS.......................................................................................................... 64

Estimated effects of HIV/AIDS on total population,
 2000–10.................................................................................................. 64

Estimated AIDS deaths by province, 2000–10.................................... 64

Estimated non-AIDS deaths by province, 2000–10............................ 65

Estimated effects of HIV/AIDS on provincial populations,
 2000–10.................................................................................................. 65

Religion................................................................................................................................ 68

Major religious affiliations in South Africa, 2001 (numbers
 and proportions)..................................................................................... 68

Changes in religious affiliation, 1980–2001......................................... 69

Language............................................................................................................................. 69

Breakdown of home languages, 2001................................................... 69

Human Development Index............................................................................................. 70

Human development trends, 1975–2005............................................. 70

South African human development index, 1975–2005..................... 71

Human development index of various countries, 2005..................... 72

MIGRATION............................................................................................................................. 73

International migration, 1940–2004...................................................... 73

Internal migration by province, 2001–06.............................................. 75