2010/2011 - Business & Labour

In 100 pages of detail, the Business and Labour chapter provides a comprehensive picture of the business environment in South Africa. It presents data on business by size, as well as a newly-expanded section on business by sector.

Business&labour.jpgInternational comparisons on ease of doing business and economic freedom are a particular highlight, as well as a detailed section on physical infrastructure in the country. The chapter is concluded with a section on industrial relations, including data on trade unions, wage settlements, and strikes.

For more detail on what the chapter contains, you will find the complete table of contents below.


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Table of Contents:


South Africa at a glance


All sizes of business

Number of enterprises in South Africa by size, 2004 and 2007

Small, medium, and micro enterpries (SMMEs) by sector

Public and private ownership of fixed capital stock

Fixed capital stock by ownership, 2000

Fixed capital stock by ownership, 2009

State-owned enterprises

State-owned enterprises (SOEs), 2009/10


Global entrepreneurship monitor

Entrepreneurial activity by country, 2009

Listed companies

Global rankings

South African companies ranked in the Forbes

Top 1 000 companies, 2010

The top 100

South Africa’s top 100 companies by turnover, 2010

Top five companies by sector, 2010

The Johannesburg Stock Exchange (JSE)

The JSE all-share index, 1998–2010

Small business


Franchise systems by business category, 2008

Growth in franchise business units, 2006 and 2008

Franchise contribution to GDP, 2006 and 2008

Capital invested in franchises for the 12 months up to 28 February 2009

Franchise fees, 2008

Total employment in franchises, 2008

Average employment and investment per employee in franchises, 2008

Non-VAT registered business

Overview of non-VAT registered businesses, 2001–2009

Number of persons running non-VAT registered businesses by industry of the main business, 2001–09

Profile of non-VAT registered business owners, 2001–09

Geographical distribution of non-VAT registered businesses by province, 2001–09

Number of employees in non-VAT registered businesses by industry, 2001–09

Assistance needed by non-VAT registered businesses, 2009

Assistance needed by non-VAT registered businesses, by main form of assistance needed, 2009

Source of start-up business capital, 2001–09

Sources of start-up business capital, 2001–09

Soweto survival rate

Survival rate of small businesses in Soweto, 2007–2010

Comparative statistics

Comparative statistics on small business, India, Brazil, and South Africa (IBSA)

Business by sector

Sectoral contributions to GDP, jobs, and exports, 2010


Agriculture, sub-sector share of output, 1966–2006

Fruit production, 2009

Animal production, 2009

Farming units in South Africa by size and selected production, 1936–2007

South Africa’s trade in agricultural goods, 1965–2005

Agricultural trade, 2007–09

Major exports, 2007–09

Fruit exports, 2009

Major export destinations, 2008–10

Major imports, 2007–2009

Origin of imports, 2008–10

Cereal yield, emerging markets, 2005–2008


Contribution to mineral sales, 2010

Micro components, 2009


Micro components, manufacturing, 2010

New car sales, production, and exports, 1995–2010

Wholesale and retail trade


Tourist arrivals in South Africa by year, 2003–10

Thirty most popular global tourist destinations, 2009

Physical infrastructure


Aircraft movements at South Africa’s ten major airports, 2002/03–2009/10



Electricity generation by fuel type, 2009

Electricity usage by sector, 2009

South Africa’s maximum electricity capacity, 2010

South Africa’s projected electricity supply and demand up until 2020

Eskom’s new power stations

Breakdown of main sources of energy


Coal resources, production, consumption, and exports

Total recoverable coal reserve holders, selected countries, 2007

Natural gas

Natural gas production, imports, and consumption, 2010

Oil and petroleum

Oil reserves, production, refinery capacity, imports, and consumption

South Africa’s oil imports, 2009

Carbon Dioxide (CO2) emissions

CO2 emissions (million tonnes), 1990–2008

CO2 emissions per capita, selected countries, 1990–2008

CO2 emissions per capita, emerging markets, 1990–2008

Volume of CO2 emitted per country, selected countries, 2008

Volume of CO2 emitted per country, emerging markets, 2008

Volume of CO2 emitted per country, selected African countries, 2008


Tonnage handled at South African ports, 2003–08

Total tonnage handled at South African ports (thousand tonnes), 2003–08


The South African rail network

Railways and roads

Road versus rail, 2007–2009


The South African road network

Non-urban roads

Toll Roads


South African dams

The business environment


Global Competitiveness Index rankings, 2010–11 and 2011–12

South Africa’s ranking on the Global Competitiveness Index’s 12 pillars, 2011–12

South Africa’s ranking on the Global Competitiveness Index in detail, 2011–12

World Competitiveness Report, global rankings, 2010 and 2011

Digital economy

Digital Economy Rankings, selected countries, 2009 and 2010

Digital Economy Rankings, emerging markets, 2009 and 2010

Networked Readiness Index, selected countries, 2010–11

Networked Readiness Index, emerging markets, 2010–11

Ease of doing business

Key components

South Africa’s ranking for ease of doing business, 2010

Conducting business

Conducting business, selected countries, 2010

Conducting business, emerging markets, 2010

Conducting business, selected African countries, 2010

Financial development

Financial Development Index, 2009–10


Ease of trading across borders, selected countries, 2010

Ease of trading across borders, emerging markets, 2010

Ease of trading across borders, selected African countries, 2010

Mining attractiveness

Attractiveness of countries for mining investment, 2011

Economic freedom

Economic freedom of the world (Heritage Foundation), selected countries, 2011

Economic freedom of the world (Heritage Foundation), emerging markets, 2011

Economic freedom of the world (Heritage Foundation), selected African countries, 2011

Economic freedom of the world (Economic Freedom Network), selected countries, 2008–09

Economic freedom of the world (Economic Freedom Network), emerging markets, 2008–09

Economic freedom of the world (Economic Freedom Network), selected African countries, 2008–09


Labour productivity, global rankings, 2010

Overall productivity, global rankings, 2010

Change in total employment, real remuneration per worker, and labour productivity in the non-agricultural, non-domestic sector, 1994–2010

Black Economic Empowerment

The generic scorecard, 2007

JSE black directorships, 2008–10

Change in JSE black directorships, 2008–10

Total individual ownership of the Johannesburg Stock Exchange (JSE) by race, 2000 and 2010

Total ownership of the JSE, 2000 and 2010

Total ownership of the JSE, 2000

Total ownership of the JSE, 2010

Black Economic Empowerment, 1995–2009

BEE transaction contribution to total transaction value, 1994–2009

Charters vs codes


Trade unions

Trade unions and membership, 1994–2010

Bargaining councils 1996–2010

Bargaining councils, 1996–2010

Wage settlements

Wage settlements and the inflation rate, 1998–2010

Average wage settlement by major sectors and unions, 2010

Average minimum monthly wage across major sectors, 2010

Average wage increase by province, 2010

Strikes and lockouts

Mandays lost as a result of strikes, 1979–2010

Mandays lost in the top six strikes, 2010

Top six strikes by duration, 2010

Strike triggers (proportion of mandays lost due to triggers), 1987–2010

Strike triggers, 2010


Proportion of employees receiving benefits by number of hours worked, 2003 and 2009

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